These are lawsuits filed against individuals or groups who voice concerns about issues affecting their communities, e.g. Illegal working conditions, environmental impact or police brutality. The plaintiff, or SLAPPer, is usually the government or a corporation, which uses existing laws on the books — like defamation — to intimidate people who legitimately express their concerns.
SLAPP cases in Thailand are typically employed by government officials and the private sector utilising both civil and criminal cases. Criminal defamation can result in punishment of 2 years imprisonment and a 100,000 baht fine. Sedition cases caring a punishment of 6 years imprisonment and a 200,000 baht fine. Other SLAPP charges including disrupting public order, trespassing, falsifying information and perjury have also has been used.